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在莫迪政府的领导下,印度进步了多少?
2020-01-27 Cathy Zhao 4 收藏 纠错&举报
原文标题:How much has India progressed under the Modi government?
原文地址:https://www.quora.com/How-much-has-India-progressed-under-the-Modi-government
译文简介:在莫迪政府的领导下,印度向数字化发展,现在人们更喜欢使用数字支付。由于废钞令,很多黑钱被政府没收了。
Gulshan Kumar
I don’t think there is a much of positive transformation.
Economic reforms like demonetization and GST have been implemented causing dip in GDP and loss of employment in informal sector. Reduction of GDP from 7.9% last year to 5.7% in last quarter.I need to speak up now
Society is becoming more toxic. People are getting killed and beaten for eating something or for loving someone. Lynching in the name of Cow and Love Jihad has become common.
Higher education funds are regularly cut down. Institutes like TISS has to reduce the number of courses.Budget 2017: Spend on education sector seen falling short
On positive note Sanitation has improved whereas no top level corruption has been reported as of yet.
Employment generation has been abysmal. Between 2014–16 number of jobs created are half of the jobs created between 2011 and 2013(641,000 as compared to 1.28 million). Unemployment is Up Because 'Make in India', Other Official Schemes Aren't Working
Overall on actual indexes such as employment generation, education, economy the changes have been negative.

Gulshan Kumar
我不认为有什么积极的转变。
像废钞令和消费税税这样的经济改革的实施,导致了GDP的下降和非正式部门就业机会的流失。GDP从去年的7.9%下降到上一季度的5.7%。我现在需要大声说出来。
社会正变得越来越有害。人们因为吃某些东西或爱某人而被杀害或殴打。以“牛”和“爱情圣战”的名义私刑已经变得很普遍。
高等教育经费经常被削减。像 塔塔社会科学研究院这样的机构不得不减少课程的数量。2017年预算: 教育支出将低于预期。
值得注意的是,卫生状况有所改善,但迄今为止还没有关于高层腐败的报道。
创造就业机会的情况非常糟糕。2014年至2016年间,新增就业岗位是2011年至2013年新增就业岗位的一半(从128万个增加到64.1万个)。失业率上升是因为“印度制造”,其他官方计划不起作用。
总体而言,在就业、教育、经济等实际指标上的变化是负面的。

C Sekhar, Historian and Politician
Indian industry is stagnating and unemployment is fast increasing. Agriculture is made unviable , more, and peasant suicides are increasing . Secularism, democracy, sovereignty, public sector, self-dependency , social welfare , public education and health etc are deteriorating. His govt is making India into a NEO-colonial hindu rashtra . A new freedom movement is necessary to dis-lodge this hitlerian -corporate rule

C Sekhar,历史学家和政治家。
印度工业停滞不前,失业率迅速上升。农业变得不可持续,农民自杀率上升。世俗主义、民主、主权、公共部门、自力更生、社会福利、公共教育和卫生等方面都在恶化。莫迪政府正在把印度变成一个新殖民主义的印度教国家。有必要发起一场新的自由运动来推翻这种希特勒式的公司规则。

Aritra Nandi
If u want to know something about development done by Modi sarkar then the following points would help you-
1.Make in India movement.
To facilitate investment, boost research & development (R&D), ensure product originality and create skill-based jobs by establishing industrial sector; major national programme was started by Narendra Modi. Modi has reached out to the world with his idea of ‘Make in India’ and it has generated positive response from foreign companies. Key Labour Law reform in the pipeline will boost manufacturing industry and foreign investment in India.
2. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Clean India Campaign)
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was launched on 2 Oct 2014 by Modi. Filth is considered one of the major problems in India and Modi gave the issue its due importance by launching a nationwide campaign. Many called it a masterstroke from Modi as it put him at par with Mahatma Gandhi in public perception and also gave people the message to act on hygiene and civic sense. Modi nominated notable personalities from film industry, sports, media, business and other celebrities to promote the initiative.
3. Creation of NITI Aayog to Replace Planning Commission
On 1 Jan 2015, Modi formed National Institution of Transforming India (NITI) Aayog, which is a policy think-tank of Government of India that replaced Planning Commission. NITI Aayog is headed by PM Modi and its members include top-notch economists, consultants and advisers along the lines of US think-tanks.
4. Jan Dhan Yojana
On 15 August 2014, Modi announced Jan Dhan Yojana. Over 15 crore bank accounts were opened in last one year. Main focus has been on reaching every household to provide credit facility, pension and insurance to account holders.
5. Economic Reforms and Policy Implementation
Modi-led NDA government’s primary focus is on reviving Indian economy through major reforms in manufacturing and export sector. Government has not only increased the limits of FDI in Railways, Insurance and Defence but also encouraged privatisation of loss-making public sector companies.
Without being bogged down by coalition partners, Modi persisted with his focus on transformation. On the infrastructure front, government has already begun work on connecting major metros under Diamond Quadrilateral rail corridor project. Major reforms and developments are under process for Modi’s dream projects: 100 Smart Cities and Clean Ganga Mission.
6. Foreign Policy Put on Fast-track Mode
Modi’s foreign policy is currently focussed on improving relations with neighbouring countries and getting the world to invest in India. In the US, he met several American business leaders and invited them to be a part of Make in India programme. During his recent visit to France, he urged Airbus, the aerospace giant, to explore manufacturing opportunities in India. While in Germany, he made a strong pitch for the Make in India initiative. He has been trying to send across the message of a more “competitive, confident and secure” India.
7. Tourism Gets a Push
Tourism featured prominently in the government’s action plan. Its prime target has been to make India a world class travel destination. In last one year, the visa system underwent a major revamp. Introduction of visa-on-arrival service for all leading nations was a key step in this direction. Moreover, growth has been reportedly observed in the number of foreign tourist arrivals after the Modi government came to power.
8. Implementation of Neighbourhood First Policy
One of the major policy initiatives taken by Modi government was to actively focus on improving ties with immediate neighbours. Inviting all heads of SAARC nations to Modi’s swearing-in ceremony was an aggressive and smart move by Modi as a Prime Minister. It gave bold message to the World that no one does swearing-in in Asia like we do. It was the first diplomatic victory for Modi.
9. Campaign for Building Toilets
PM Modi has initiated a huge project to construct 10 crore toilets by 2019 at an unbelievable rate of one toilet per second. Modi appealed to corporate sector for contribution in this Clean India drive. Positive response has come from IT giant TCS and they have decided to build 10,000 toilets in girls’ schools across the country. An enormous fund of 100 crore has been provisioned for this cause. Oriental Bank of Commerce has announced contribution of 2 crore for building toilets. Bharti Foundation, Adani Group, Reliance Group and Vedanta Group have also pledged support for the campaign and contributed significantly.
10. Confidence-building Measures in Kashmir
Kashmir is an integral part of India but has a long list of complaints against previous governments – both Centre and state. When the flood created devastations in the valley, response from Modi government was immediate and genuine. Modi dedicated constant monitoring system for flood affected areas and people of Kashmir. He also decided to spend Deepawali with Kashmir flood survivors. Even his critics praised his move. 

Aritra Nandi
如果你想知道一些关于莫迪所取得的进步,那么以下几点会对你有帮助:
1. 印度制造运动。
通过建立工业部门,促进投资、促进研发、确保产品原创性和创造以技能为基础的就业机会;主要的国家项目是由纳伦德拉·莫迪发起的。莫迪以“印度制造”的理念走向世界,得到了外国公司的积极响应。正在酝酿中的关键劳动法改革将提振印度的制造业和外国投资。
2. 印度清洁运动。
2014年10月2日,莫迪发起了清洁运动。肮脏被认为是印度的主要问题之一,莫迪发起了一场全国性的运动,给予了这个问题应有的重视。很多人认为这是莫迪的一个绝妙之举,因为这让他在公众认知上与圣雄甘地平起平坐,也给人们传递了一个信息,即要在卫生和公民意识方面有所作为。莫迪让电影界、体育界、传媒界、商界和其他名人来推动这一倡议。
3. 成立印度国家研究以取代规划委员会。
2015年1月1日,莫迪成立了印度国家研究院,这是一个取代计划委员会的印度政府政策智库。印度国家研究院是由莫迪总理领导的,其成员包括一流的经济学家、顾问和美国智库的顾问。
4. 惠普金融计划。
2014年8月15日,莫迪宣布了惠普金融计划。在过去的一年里,超过15亿的银行账户被开设。主要的重点是向每个家庭提供信贷、养老金和保险。
5. 经济改革和政策执行。
莫迪领导的人民党 (全国民主联盟) 政府的主要目标是通过制造业和出口部门的重大改革来重振印度经济。政府不仅提高了铁路、保险和国防领域外国直接投资的限制,还鼓励亏损的公共部门企业私有化。
莫迪没有受到人民党人的阻挠,而是坚持把重点放在改革上。在基建方面,政府已展开钻石四边形铁路走廊计划,连接主要地铁。莫迪的梦想工程: 100个智慧城市和恒河清洁任务的重大改革和发展正在进行中。
6. 外交政策进入快速模式。
莫迪的外交政策目前专注于改善与邻国的关系,让世界投资印度。在美国,他会见了几位美国商界领袖,并邀请他们参加“印度制造”项目。在他最近访问法国期间,他敦促航空航天巨头空中客车公司探索在印度的制造机会。在德国期间,他大力宣传“印度制造”计划。他一直试图传递一个更“有竞争力、更自信、更安全”的印度的信息。
7. 推动旅游业。
旅游业在政府的行动计划中占有重要地位。它的主要目标是使印度成为一个世界级的旅游目的地。在过去的一年里,签证系统经历了一次重大的改革。向所有主要国家提供落地签证服务是朝着这个方向迈出的关键一步。此外,据报道,莫迪政府上台后,外国游客人数有所增长。
8. 推行“邻国优先”政策。
莫迪政府采取的主要政策举措之一是积极致力于改善与近邻的关系。邀请南亚区域合作联盟国家的所有领导人参加莫迪的宣誓就职仪式,是莫迪作为总理做出的有进取心和明智的举动。它向世界发出了一个大胆的信息: 在亚洲,没有人会像我们这样宣誓就职。这是莫迪的第一次外交胜利。
9. 建造厕所运动。
莫迪总理启动了一个巨大的项目,计划到2019年以令人难以置信的每秒一个厕所的速度建造1亿个厕所。莫迪呼吁企业界为清洁印度运动做出贡献。来自IT巨头塔塔公司的积极响应,他们决定在全国各地的女子学校修建1万个厕所。已经为这一事业拨出了10亿卢比的巨额资金。印度东方商业银行宣布出资2千万卢比修建厕所。巴蒂基金会、阿达尼集团、信实集团和韦丹塔集团也承诺支持该运动,并捐助很多钱。
10. 在克什米尔问题上建立互信机制。
克什米尔是印度不可分割的一部分,但对前任政府——包括中央政府和邦政府——有一长串的抱怨。当洪水在山谷中造成破坏时,莫迪政府的反应是迅速和真诚的。莫迪为受洪水影响的地区和克什米尔人民建立了持续监测系统。他还决定与克什米尔洪水幸存者共度排灯节。甚至他的批评者也称赞了他的举动。

Sanjib Bhattacharya
Only two Gujarati Industrialists are improving .
For the interest of Ambani and Adani Modiji has been depriving 1.7 billion people from their basic rights
This Government is anti-poor and anti-Middle class .
Due to anti-people measures of Modi Government many innocent people of India had forced to end their live .

Sanjib Bhattacharya
只有两位古吉拉特的实业家在进步。
为了安巴尼和阿达尼·莫迪的利益,已经剥夺了17亿人的基本权利。
这个政府是反穷人和反中产阶级的。
由于莫迪政府的反人民措施,许多无辜的印度人被迫结束了他们的生命。

Manu Khajuria, worked at Government of India
Under the modi government india developed towards digitisation,Now people prefer to do digital payment. Due to demoneytisation a lot of black money captured by the govt. 

Manu Khajuria,在印度政府工作。
在莫迪政府的领导下,印度向数字化发展,现在人们更喜欢使用数字支付。由于废钞令,很多黑钱被政府没收了。

J. M. Manchanda
PM Modi and his cabinet are trying to do new things in various fields. Some like the cleanliness drive have been received well while demonetization and GST have evoked a mixed response. Personally, I think three years is a short time to deliver. Therefore, cautious optimism is the best option.

J. M. Manchanda
莫迪总理和他的内阁正在各个领域尝试新事物。一些人喜欢“清洁运动”,而废钞令和消费税引起了不同的反应。就我个人而言,我认为三年的时间很短。因此,审慎的乐观态度是最好的选择。
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