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中国是发展中国家中技术最先进的国家吗? 网友:中国明明是发达国家
2020-01-14 虎瘦雄心在 19 收藏 纠错&举报
原文标题:Is China the most technologically advanced nation among developing countries?
原文地址:https://www.quora.com/Is-China-the-most-technologically-advanced-nation-among-developing-countries
译文简介:实际上,中国在很多方面都是发达国家(当然也可能有不发达的地方),人均GDP或人类发展指数可能很低,但在很多方面都是发达国家。
Hamza Afzal Butt
The china is the most technologically advanced Nation among developing countries as China in very short span of time beats so many economies of the world and become world largest economy of the world. Now China has the world largest foreign reserves which will be doubled in near future. After a successful revolution, China moves forward to access the latest technology but soon China realized that building technology is better than buying technology. Here are the following things which prove China landmark victory in the technology sector.
1: China Technological progress:
The China is the most advanced country which mark distinctions in the technology sector. China never steals or hack technology so they build their own IT Industry which helps the economy of China and China start make dominance all over the world.
2: China Technology Revolution:
The Chinese technology revolution beats all records as Chinese technology is very less expensive from the rest of the world innovation. The revolution makes China enable to build their own technology as now China making needle to space rocket. Now China builds its first aircraft carrier ship which makes China defence even more stronger.
3: China and satellite:
The China also have control over satellite as they have sent so many satellites into space. China also played important role in regard to maintenance of International Space Station. The Chinese Sattelite is more accurate and advanced from the rest of the world and it really shows hard work and commitment of Chinese engineers.

Hamza Afzal Butt
中国是发展中国家中技术最先进的国家,因为中国在很短的时间内就打败了世界上许多经济体,成为世界上最大的经济体。现在中国拥有世界上最大的外汇储备,在不久的将来将翻一番。在一场成功的革命之后,中国开始获取最新的技术,但很快中国意识到,建设技术比购买技术更好。以下几点可以证明中国在科技领域取得了里程碑式的胜利。
1: 中国技术的进步:
中国是世界上技术最先进的国家。中国从来没有窃取或入侵技术,所以他们建立了自己的IT产业,这有助于中国经济和中国开始在世界上占据主导地位。
2: 中国的技术革命:
中国的技术革命打破了所有记录,因为中国的技术与世界上其他国家的创新相比非常便宜。这场革命使中国有能力建立自己的技术,就像现在中国制造太空火箭针一样。现在中国建造了第一艘航空母舰,这使得中国的国防更加强大。
3:中国和卫星:
在卫星方面,中国也占支配地位,因为他们已经把那么多卫星送入太空。中国在维护国际空间站方面也发挥了重要作用。中国的卫星比世界上其他国家的卫星更精确、更先进,真正体现了中国工程师的辛勤工作和奉献精神。

Sree V
China for all practical purposes , a Developed Country in many parts ( of course there could be pockets of under development) - It may be ranking low in Per Capita GDP or Human Development Index , but on many parameters it is developed.
China has already started its transition from a “ Manufacturing Hub” to “ Technology Development Hub “ . I think it is almost on par with Europe and may be just 5 years away from US in Technology Leadership as a whole.
Chinese Govt has long recognised that Economic / Military Supremacy is dependent on Science & technology Supremacy . Govt is bent on making China a Tech Super Power at any cost .
World wide Talent acquisition with good incentives and creating Nationalistic loyalties
Helping Chinese companies to acquire a lot of tech companies
Setting up Chinese R&D centers in US/ Europe etc
A massive S&T infrastructure with thousands of specialised Institutions at National level , provincial levels
Recognising AI , Cloud , Big Data , IOT, Bio-Pharma , Quantum Computing , Electric Cars , Renewable , Crypto Currency etc as crucial areas .
To back the above , gain leadership in semi-conductor research and Production 
Massive Automation /Robotisation of Manufacturing
Collaborative programmes with Big Chinese Companies like Alibaba , Baidu,Tencent etc .
The best part is some /most of their initiatives work with such Efficiency , faster than estimated time lines , even though they are Govt driven.
If “ Manufacturing “ was growth Engine all these years , “ Technology Development “ “ Innovation “ & “ Increased domestic Consumption “ are going to be the growth engines for the next couple of decades
Already the fear of impending superiority of China in Tech Devpt is gripping the Govts/MNCs across the world

Sree V
实际上,中国在很多方面都是发达国家(当然也可能有不发达的地方),人均GDP或人类发展指数可能很低,但在很多方面都是发达国家。
中国已经开始从“制造业中心”向“技术发展中心”转型。我认为,它几乎与欧洲持平,在整体技术领先方面可能仅比美国落后5年。
中国早就认识到经济/军事霸权依赖于科技霸权。政府决心不惜一切代价让中国成为科技超级大国。
通过良好的激励机制和培养国家主义忠诚,在全球范围内获取人才。
帮助中国公司收购了很多科技公司。
在美国/欧洲等地设立中国研发中心。
有一个庞大的科技基础设施,拥有数以千计的国家级、省级专业机构。
认识到人工智能、云、大数据、物联网、生物制药、量子计算、电动汽车、可再生能源、加密货币等是关键领域。
为了支持上述提到的方面,在半导体研究和生产方面取得领先地位。
制造业的大规模自动化。
与阿里巴巴、百度、腾讯等中国大公司的合作项目。
最重要的是他们的一些/大部分计划工作效率如此之高,比预计的时间线要快,即使它们是由政府驱动的。
如果说“制造业”是这些年来的增长引擎,那么“技术开发”、“创新”和“增加国内消费”将成为未来几十年的增长引擎。
对中国即将在技术开发领域占据优势的担忧已经困扰着世界各地的政府/跨国公司。

Martin Kersten
China is not the most technologically advanced nation among developing countries, since this notion of developing countries is flawed in itself. The grouping even while being backed by some definitions is nothing that is practical in any means.
I would say that on the technological side China has made remarkable progress in the last two decades and what one should really look for is the export vs. import on products requiring advanced technology to create and assemble. Here China is closing in with a lot of the western nations.
So I would question that China is a developing country. It is more like a developed country that has a twin brother that is still in development.
And if you take a look at the PISA findings of 2013 comparing the math scores of pupils from all the OECD countries Shanghai-China pupil scored best while Swiss and Germany are above average and US is below average. As far as I understand there are no data for China as a whole so its biased but if you take a look at these numbers, Chinese people within a decade are likely to be one of the most mathematical sound work force of the planet.
So to state my opinion in a single sentence: “China is not a developing country anymore .”

Martin Kersten
中国不是发展中国家中技术最先进的国家,因为发展中国家的概念本身就有缺陷。即使有一些定义支持,分类在任何意义上都是不实际的。
我想说的是,在技术方面,中国在过去20年里取得了显著的进步,人们真正应该关注的是出口与进口的产品需要先进的技术来制造和组装。在这方面,中国正在与许多西方国家接近。
所以我怀疑中国不是一个发展中国家。它更像是一个发达国家,有一个仍在发展中的孪生兄弟。
如果你看一下2013年国际学生评估项目的调查结果,就会发现来自“ 经济合作与发展组织”所有成员国的学生的数学成绩都是最好的,中国上海的学生成绩最好,而瑞士和德国学生的成绩高于平均水平,美国学生的成绩低于平均水平。就我所知,没有中国整体的数据,所以这是有偏见的,但如果你看看这些数字,十年之内,中国人很可能会成为地球上最精通数学的劳动力之一。
所以用一句话来陈述我的观点:“中国不再是一个发展中国家。”

Larry Pieniazek
As other answers point out, this really turns on whether China is a developing nation or not. It also, in my view, turns on whether Russia is a developing nation or not.
Why? Because for me, a clear sign of technological advancement is the indigenous ability to put a man in orbit and return him safely. Only three countries have done that;  the United States, Russia and China. Astronauts of all other countries have ridden up on one of those three countries vehicles.
So then if China is not a developing nation the answer is No by logic.
If Russia is not a developing nation and China is then the answer is yes China is the most technologically advanced developing nations because neither Russia nor the US are developing nations.
On the other hand though, if both China and Russia are considered developing nations  (I think a good argument could be made for that, although I am not making it in this answer), then China is the second most advanced developing nation. Despite her prowess in electronics and manufacturing I still have to give the nod to Russia because Russia has much more extensive weaponry and a longer history in space.

Interesting question.

Larry Pieniazek
正如其他答案所指出的,这实际上取决于中国是否是一个发展中国家。在我看来,这也关系到俄罗斯是否是一个发展中国家。
为什么? 因为对我来说,技术进步的一个明显标志就是把人送上轨道并安全返回的能力。只有三个国家这样做了:美国,俄罗斯和中国。其他所有国家的宇航员都曾乘坐这三个国家之一的交通工具。
因此,如果中国不是一个发展中国家,那么从逻辑上来说,答案是否定的。
如果俄罗斯不是发展中国家,而中国是,那么答案是肯定的,中国是技术最先进的发展中国家,因为俄罗斯和美国都不是发展中国家。
另一方面,如果中国和俄罗斯都被认为是发展中国家(我认为这是一个很好的论点,尽管我在这个答案中没有提到),那么中国就是第二先进的发展中国家。尽管中国在电子和制造方面很有实力,但我仍然不得不承认俄罗斯比中国更先进,因为俄罗斯拥有更广泛的武器和更悠久的太空历史。

Desmond Last
For its citizens who breathe in a toxic cocktail of 4000 Chemicals everyday China is in the Stone Age when it comes to Environmental Technology.
What is the point of technology if it cannot be used to improve our lives?
What is the point of China improving the living standards of its rich elite if its work force are going to clog the hospitals with respiratory illnesses, and children will be born with handicaps caused by toxic poisoning.
What is the point of wealth producing technology if Climate Change destroys it with floods?
Yes, China has improved the living standards of many of its citizens. But 30 per cent still live below the poverty line on less than $1.90 a day.
China has also used its trade agreements to copy Intellectual Property so it is not all China’s technology that has enabled it do so well.
China has achieved much of that there is no doubt. But it now needs to become a Global Participant in Peace and Climate Change Technology.

Desmond Last,
对于每天吸入4000种有毒化学物质混合物的中国公民来说,在环境技术方面,中国正处于石器时代。
如果技术不能用来改善我们的生活,那它还有什么意义呢?
如果中国的劳动力因呼吸道疾病堵塞了医院,孩子们出生时就会中毒,那么中国提高富裕精英的生活水平又有什么意义呢?
如果气候变化,洪水摧毁了财富,那么创造财富的技术又有什么意义呢?
是的,中国提高了许多公民的生活水平。但仍有30%的人每天生活费不足1.9美元,生活在贫困线以下。
中国还利用其贸易协定来复制知识产权,因此并不是中国所有的技术使中国如此成功。
毫无疑问,中国在这方面已经取得了很大进展。但它现在需要成为和平与气候变化技术的全球参与者。

Alpha
I’m not sure, but i hope so. And maybe it has the fastest development in high-speed train and space technology. Firstly, i definitely notice that there are even tracks of the fast trains in some rural areas where it is very hard to built them. Especially for some small countries surrounder by lots of mountains, and the line for trains have to go through the thick rocks and across some cliffs or big ditches. So i think if China doesn’t have the highest techniques in this aspect, it can’t tackle these hard problems. By the way, China has tried to prompt the policy-one belt one road and one way is to build the high-speed rail internationally wiht other countries’ cooperation, which is benefical to the world trade. 
On the other hand, i also admit that China is poor in some aspects such as artifical intelligence or genetically modified food. Maybe the reason is lack of budget in finance and the energy is limited. I strongly believe they will be improved in the coming year.
If i have some mistakes or ignorance, please figure them out, i am very gald to accept.

Alpha
我不确定,但我希望如此。可能中国在高铁和太空技术方面发展最快。首先,我明确地注意到,在一些农村地区,甚至有快速列车的轨道,这是非常困难的。尤其是一些被群山环绕的小国,火车线路必须穿过厚厚的岩石和一些悬崖或大沟。所以我认为,如果中国在这方面没有最高的技术,就无法解决这些难题。顺便说一下,中国一直在努力推动“一带一路”的政策,其中之一就是在国际上与其他国家合作建设高铁,这有利于世界贸易。
另一方面,我也承认中国在某些方面很差,比如人工智能或转基因食品。原因可能是财政预算不足,能源有限。我坚信在未来的一年里,它们会得到改善。
如果我有错误或无知,请指出来,我很乐意接受。

Ming Tsui, studied Jack of All Trades at Self-Teaching
Chinese people if they set a mind to accomplish something, they will get it done through perhaps many solutions to get to the destination and always on time and in budget. 
Americans can’t understand that determination. Only some people can see that truth.
African nations know exactly what Chinese can do.

中国人如果下定决心要完成某件事,他们可能会通过许多方法来完成,并且总是按时、按预算完成。
美国人无法理解这种决心。只有一些人能看到这个事实。
非洲国家非常清楚中国人能做什么。

Graham Salzer, studied at University of South Carolina
I think innovation per-capita within China might be a little more than most other comparably developed places and it probably is the most innovative among developing countries.
This is partly due to the size of the country, which increases the number of businesses doing innovative things. There are certain areas of technology China seems to be ahead in: mobile payments for example has caught on more in China than other places.
Many of the technology companies within China thrive because the foreign competitors have been blocked out due to the Great Firewall. I am not sure if Baidu, WeChat, Huawei, etc would have been as successful had they been competing on a level playing field with Google and Facebook.
Or, one could argue that the country would have been more even more innovative if foreign tech firms were not blocked. There certainly would be more competition.

Graham Salzer,曾就读于南卡罗莱纳大学。
我认为中国的人均创新水平可能比其他发达国家稍高一些,而且它可能是发展中国家中创新能力最强的。
这在一定程度上是由于中国的幅员辽阔,这增加了从事创新活动的企业数量。在某些技术领域,中国似乎处于领先地位: 例如,移动支付在中国比其他地方更流行。
中国国内的许多科技公司之所以蓬勃发展,是因为外国竞争对手被挡在了防火墙之外。我不确定如果百度、微信、华为等公司与谷歌和Facebook在一个公平的竞争环境中竞争,它们是否会取得同样的成功。
或者,有人会说,如果外国科技公司没有被封杀,中国的创新能力会更强。肯定会有更多的竞争。
环球旅行
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